Plastic Film Processes

Write By: sukoptfe Published In: Polymers Created Date: 2018-03-16 Hits: 1583

Plastic film is a thin continuous polymeric material. Thicker plastic material is often called a “sheet”. These thin plastic membranes are used to separate areas or volumes, to hold items, to act as barriers, or as printable surfaces.

Plastic Film Processes

Plastic films are used in a wide variety of applications. These include: packaging, plastic bags, labels, building construction, landscaping, electrical fabrication, photographic film, film stock for movies, video tape, etc.


Plastic films are usually thermoplastics and are formed by melting for forming the film.

Cast – Plastics extrusion can cast film which is cooled or quenched then wound up on a roll.

Extruded film can be stretched, thinned, or oriented in one or two directions. Blown or tubular process forces air into an extruded ring to expand the film. Flat tenter frames stretch the extruded film before annealing.

Calender rolls can be used to form film from hot polymers

Solution deposition is another film forming process.

Skiving is used to scrape off a film from a solid core (sometimes used to make PTFE thread seal tape)

Coextrusion involves extruding two or more layers of dissimilar polymers into a single film

Lamination combines two or more films (or other materials) into a sandwich

Extrusion coating is used to form a film onto another film or substrate

Tags: Plastic Film