Plastic films are used in a wide variety of applications. These include: packaging, plastic bags, labels, building construction, landscaping, electrical fabrication, photographic film, film stock for movies, video tape, etc.
Plastic films are usually thermoplastics and are formed by melting for forming the film.
Cast – Plastics extrusion can cast film which is cooled or quenched then wound up on a roll.
Extruded film can be stretched, thinned, or oriented in one or two directions. Blown or tubular process forces air into an extruded ring to expand the film. Flat tenter frames stretch the extruded film before annealing.
Calender rolls can be used to form film from hot polymers
Solution deposition is another film forming process.
Skiving is used to scrape off a film from a solid core (sometimes used to make PTFE thread seal tape)
Coextrusion involves extruding two or more layers of dissimilar polymers into a single film
Lamination combines two or more films (or other materials) into a sandwich
Extrusion coating is used to form a film onto another film or substrate